Grammar |
The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation

What Is the Vocative Case in English?

Posted on Wednesday, January 18, 2023, at 6:00 am

Would you please hand me that flower vase, my dear? Joaquin, how much rice does the recipe call for? You know, my friend, I'm not sure if we're going to make it on time. Most of us are familiar with expressions like these. We might also communicate in similar ways when writing salutations such as …

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What Is the Plural of Status?

Posted on Monday, January 16, 2023, at 6:00 am

Most of us have read a status update from a coworker or perhaps a friend on social media. But what if we are receiving or giving more than one status? What would be the correct word to use? Phrased differently, what is the plural of status? This can be a common question, and it doesn't …

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Year-End Quiz: 2022

Posted on Wednesday, January 11, 2023, at 6:00 am

It's another new year, and all of us at hope yours is off to an inspired start—including looking forward to another full year of mastering American English. At the start of each new year, we review what we've explored with you during the previous twelve months of discussion and study. The 2022 master quiz …

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What Is the Plural of Analysis?

Posted on Monday, January 9, 2023, at 6:00 am

Let's say you're attending college to become a scientist. After much research, you have designed your own study and collected the data, and you're ready to publish your findings. Your initial analysis suggested one result, and now you also need to reference several of them as they relate to it. What word do you use …

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What Is the Plural of Deer?

Posted on Monday, December 19, 2022, at 6:00 am

How do you describe more than one deer, from a perspective of spelling and grammar? It can be a common question among our dear readers, so we'll address it in today's discussion. Let's arrive at the proper plural of deer, as well as how to make sense of similar questions. What Is the Word for …

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Predicate Nouns: Usage and Examples

Posted on Wednesday, December 14, 2022, at 6:00 am

Michelangelo was a painter. Mr. Yao is a mathematician. Her favorite gifts are roses. In each of these sentences, we have a subject, a verb (more specifically, a linking verb), and another noun. The second noun in each sentence renames or identifies the subject noun (Michelangelo = painter, Mr. Yao = mathematician, gifts = roses). …

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Do Therefore, Moreover, and Furthermore Need Commas?

Posted on Monday, December 12, 2022, at 6:00 am

Therefore, moreover, and furthermore are curious words in modern English. They appear often enough to make us somewhat familiar with their usage and meaning. At the same time, they are deployed rarely enough (and with a classical feeling) such that we might not always be sure we're using them correctly. That leads us to today's …

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Object Complements: Usage and Examples

Posted on Wednesday, December 7, 2022, at 6:00 am

Those who speak, write, and study English are typically familiar with how nouns are enhanced by adjectives and other nouns, such as appositives and subject complements. Examples The brown satchel belongs to the lawyer. (adjective describing the subject noun, satchel) Jenna is a lawyer. (subject complement renaming the subject noun, Jenna) My sister Jenna, a …

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Alumni: What Is the Correct Plural

Posted on Monday, December 5, 2022, at 6:00 am

You might already know that a person who graduates from a school is considered to be an alumnus. But what's the word for several people who have completed their education at an institution? The answer lies in some basic Latin, as we'll discuss. Finding the Correct Plural Version of Alumni Many American grammar conundrums have …

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Nominative Case: Usage and Examples

Posted on Wednesday, November 30, 2022, at 6:00 am

Case in English concerns the function that a word performs in relation to other words in a sentence. In older English, grammar referred to the nominative case (subject), the accusative case (direct object), the dative case (indirect object), and the genitive case (possessive form). (Current English refers more often to three cases: subjective, objective, and …

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