Grammar and Punctuation The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation


From a story about a rescue at sea: "The rescued pair included an American woman and a Danish man." This is a misuse of include, which means "to make someone or something part of a group." You can't be included unless others are involved. The sentence requires a rewrite, something like The two people rescued were an American woman and a Danish man.

A major-league baseball team doesn't include men; it consists of men, and only men. Compare: Our office softball team includes women. We realize immediately that it's a coed league and there are also men on the squad.

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