Grammar and Punctuation The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation

etc., et al.

These abbreviations are a scholarly way of saying, "You get the point."

The term etc. means "and the rest," "and so on." It is usually placed at the end of a short list of things to save the writer (and reader) the trouble of going on needlessly.

When a list of people, rather than things, is involved, use et al. in place of etc.: Joe Smith, Ray Jones, et al., led the team to victory.

Both etc. and et al. require periods, even midsentence.

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