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Who vs. Whom
Let's crack the code for who and whom. It is easier than
you might imagine. The following are informal methods rather than rules;
however, they really work!
when you could replace it with
Who/whom is standing by the gate?
We would say, "He is standing by the gate." So who is correct.
Gail wished she knew who/whom won.
is a subject and verb pair (also called a clause). She knew is
another subject and verb pair (clause). Who/whom won, the third
clause, is the one we care about here. We would say, "He won." So who is correct.
Use whom when you could replace it with him.
To who/whom am I speaking?
Let's turn the question into a sentence to make it easier: I am speaking to who/whom. We would say, "I am speaking to him."
Therefore, whom is correct.
Hank wanted to know who/whom they trusted.
Hank wanted to know
is a clause. That leaves who/whom they trusted. Again, let's turn
the question into a sentence: Who/whom did they trust? We would
say, "They trusted him." Therefore, whom is correct.
Now, wouldn't it be nice to know when to use whoever and whomever with confidence? We’ll give you the technique for
learning how to use that pair on
Because of the e-newsletter’s large readership, please submit your comments or questions regarding today's (or any past) article through GrammarBook.com’s Grammar Blog
Answers are at the bottom of the newsletter.
1. Who/Whom should I ask to the dance?
2. Cedric hasn't decided who/whom should be appointed yet.
3. I'm looking for an assistant on who/whom I can depend.
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Pop Quiz Answers
1. Whom should I ask to the dance?
2. Cedric hasn't decided who should be appointed yet.
3. I'm looking for an assistant on whom I can depend.
Learn all about who and whom, affect and effect, subjects and verbs, adjectives and adverbs, commas, semicolons, quotation marks, and much more by just sitting back and enjoying these easy-to-follow lessons. Tell your colleagues (and boss), children, teachers, and friends. Click here to watch.